Petar Cholakov


Chief assistant professor in political conflicts at the ISSK, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Member of the Executive Committee of the ESHPT

Petar Cholakov (PhD in Political Science, 2009, the University of Sofia “St Kliment Ohridski”; MA in Political Philosophy: the Idea of Toleration, 2004, the University of York, UK, Chevening Scholar; MA in Foreign Policy and National Security, 2002, the University of Sofia “St Kliment Ohridski”) is a chief assistant professor in political conflicts (tenure) at the Department of Social Control, Deviation and Conflicts of the Institute for the Study of Society and Knowledge (ISSK) of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS). He specialized in the London School of Economics and Politics (2003, Hansard/Chevening Scholar).

Petar Cholakov’s book Punishment for Tyrants: the Protestant and the Liberal Doctrines of Resistance (BAS, “Marin Drinov Press”, 2013) identifies and analyses the interconnections between three problematic spheres in the history of these doctrines. The first of them encompasses their sources (to which is devoted Part I of the book); the second relates to their development during the Reformation (Part II); the third includes John Locke’s doctrine of the natural individual right of resistance and its transformation into the concept of civil disobedience of Henry David Thoreau (Part III). Cholakov’s broad interests in the field of history of political thought are further demonstrated by articles published in English and in Bulgarian, in peer-reviewed journals, which are dedicated to Thomas Aquinas, John of Paris, George Buchanan, John Locke, Karl Marx, Max Weber and others. He has taught the courses Political Ideas in Mediaeval Europe, Political Ideas in the Nineteenth Century and Political Ideas during the Twentieth Century at the Department of Political Science of the University of Sofia “St Kliment Ohridski” and at the Department of Politics of the University of National And World Economy (Sofia, Bulgaria). Summa summarum, he has more than ten years of teaching experience.

The cover of Punishment for Tyrants: the Protestant and the Liberal Doctrines of Resistance (2013)

Apart from his long-term infatuation with the history of political thought, Cholakov has expertise in the analysis of populist radical right parties and ethnic conflicts in Bulgaria and the EU, legal analysis in the field of human rights and EU politics. Cholakov writes on contemporary political issues for one of the major newspapers in Bulgaria – Dnevnik (, Petar Cholakov Profile, Dnevnik) and is a regular commentator on Bulgarian national television and radio channels.

Selected publications relevant to the history of political thought


Cholakov, P. (2013) Punishment for Tyrants: the Protestant and the Liberal Doctrines of Resistance, 252 p., Sofia: The Bulgarian Academy of Science “Marin Drinov” Publishing House, 2013[1].

Selected refereed journal articles

  1. Cholakov, P. (2016) ‘John of Paris on Property and Resistance’, Philosophical Alternatives, in print.
  2. Cholakov, P. (2015) ‘The Development of John Locke’s Ideas on Toleration’, Balkan Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2015, pp. 187-194.
  3. Cholakov, P. (2013a) ‘The English Constitutionalism and the Puritanism’, Philosophical Alternatives, vol. 5, 2013, pp. 40-55.
  4. Cholakov, P. (2013b) ‘The Role of Rationality in the Formulation and the Compliance with the Principles of Justice’ [on John Rawls], Balkan Journal of Philosophy, vol. 2, 2013, pp.191-98.
  5. Cholakov, P. (2012) ‘George Buchanan and the Resistance to the Crown in Scotland’, Philosophical Alternatives, No 5, 2012.
  6. Cholakov, P. (2011) ‘Thoreau – the Poet and the Preacher’, Political Studies, No. 1-2, pp. 123-32, 2011.
  7. Cholakov, P. (2010) ‘Locke on Dissolution of Government’, Philosophy, No. 1, pp. 48-57, 2010.
  8. Cholakov, P. (2008a) ‘The Rational Foundation of Resistance: St. Thomas and Cicero’, Reason, No. 1-2, pp. 63-76, 2008.
  9. Cholakov, P. (2008b) ‘The Roman Law as Political Weapon’, Political Studies, No. 1, pp. 99-113, 2008.
  10. Cholakov, P. (2006) ‘The Political Project of Marsilius of Padua’, Philosophy, No. 6, pp. 19-28, 2006.
  11. Cholakov, P. (2005) ‘Beyond Indifferent Things: John Locke on Separation of Church and State and Toleration’, Reason, No. 2, pp. 12-27, 2005.
  12. Cholakov, P. (2003) ‘Protestant and Liberal Doctrines of Resistance against Power’, Reason, No. 2, pp. 104-124, 2003.
  13. Cholakov, P. (2000) ‘Philosophic and Technical Life of the Human Being: Four Reflections’ [on Marx, Weber, Malaparte and the Frankfurt School], Philosophy, No. 4, pp. 21-29, 2000.
  14. Cholakov, P. (1999) ‘Max Weber: Rationalism and Removing of the World’, Philosophy, No. 4, pp. 3-10, 1999.

[1] Link to the website of the publisher and the book (retrieved on 21 November 2016)

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